Is Eczema an Autoimmune Disease?

Sometimes your skin itches and becomes red. Don’t ignore these symptoms taking it as a skin allergy or something temporary. These can be the symptoms of a disease known as Eczema. It is a common skin condition that cannot say to be contagious. If your itching becomes intense then you are at high risk of Allergies or Asthma. Here the question arises that is eczema an autoimmune disease? Yes, eczema Is an autoimmune disease at the molecular level. This is for the first time proved by a team led by some researchers at the school of medicine Icahn. To cure the symptoms of eczema there is treatment but there is no complete cure. As per an estimation round, about 15% to 20% of people face eczema at the same point. You feel dry and red skin and it may also cause itching and makes you uncomfortable.

What Is Eczema?

Eczema that is also called atopic dermatitis is a condition that causes your skin red, dry and bumpy, and itchy. Generally, eczema damages the skin barrier like glue If your skin function. The glue of your skin keeps your skin moist and due to eczema it damages and causes dryness and itching. It doesn’t harm your body. So don’t feel that your skin is dirty or infected with something ugly. it is important to say to you that it is not contagious. Its symptoms can be treated and managed without causing serious harm to your skin. It has a few symptoms that need to be addressed:

  • It damages your skin glue.
  • Your skin will be dry and itchy.
  • It turns red after an interval.

In the word “dermatitis” dermis is called skin and “itis” is inflammation and as a whole, it is “inflammation of the skin”.

How Common Is this Disease?

It has affected a large number of people and it is a common disease. It mostly attacks in dry seasons like winters. Eczema has affected nearly about 15 million Americans. Infants are prone to this disease almost and almost 10% to 20% have this disease but when you grow up you may get fewer symptoms of eczema. However, nearly half outgrow the conditions and improve significantly as they grow older. It affects both males and females equally and generally, it affects them more who have a background of asthma, food allergies, and environmental allergies. But most probably it’s cases increases in dry seasons like winters.

It is common among infants because of their weak immunity and many other reasons although it doesn’t affect them much and it is not a deadly disease but if not cured we’ll it may increase your discomfort level and you may suffer intensive problems of the skin.

Read More: What Does The Medical Abbreviation SP Mean?

How Does Eczema Start?

It begins with the signs of itchiness and redness. There is no specific place on your skin where it shows up rather it can be shown anywhere on your skin. It is typically found on your hands in your teenage and adulthood. It has nothing to do with age differences but as compared to adults it is more common among infants. Its symptoms can be treated but there is no cure. It usually begins in your childhood but you can be affected by this disease with your growing age. So there is no guarantee if you are an adult you cannot be affected by this disease. People below can be affected by this disease:

  • Diagnosed with asthma and hay fewer.
  • If you are a female.
  • African Americans are at high risk.
  • If you are part of your family who has a history of asthma dermatitis or hay fever.

How Eczema Is an Autoimmune Disease?

Interleukins are immune proteins that increase and strengthen the ability of your body to fight viruses and bacteria but these proteins are sometimes the own tissue of your body.  This causes an autoimmune reaction in your body. There are questions like Is eczema an autoimmune disease or It is contagious? The first part of this question is answered above and if you talk about its consciousness then the answer to this is No, it does not spread. It can’t affect others until its symptoms appear in their own body. Although few types of dermatitis are very painful and cause some burning sensation. The general symptom of eczema is it causes some itching on your skin. The condition of this disease is not deadly and it hurts that much if precautionary measurements will be taken.

Causes Of Eczema

Eczema can cause a number of immune system activities. Genetics, environmental triggers, and stress can be the reasons causing eczema. There can be the following reasons and body systems due to that you may be affected with this disease.


You will more likely be affected by this disease in case you have a family background that has a connection with dermatitis previously. You are also at high risk if there is a history of eczema in your family. Allergens are substances like pet hair, pollens, or foods that create an allergic reaction in our body. Also, you may feel some change in your genetics that contains a kind of protein that helps you maintain healthy skin and helps you get rid of dermatitis diseases. Without normal levels of that specific protein in your body, you may not be able to sustain healthy skin.

Immune System

If symptoms of eczema appeared in you then your immune system will overreact to small allergens and irritants. The overreaction of these allergens and irritants results in inflammation. This leads to discomfort and stress. Red spots on your skin may also appear due to that.


Some people rather than most of the people go under stress when getting into eczema. Due to stress, the conditions become worse and it may come at its peak. There are some physical and mental signs of stress let’s discuss them: first of all, let’s go with Mental Signs.

  • Depression
  • Low focus
  • Difficult to relax
  • Overwhelmed feeling
  • High temper or mood swings
  • Anxiety
  • Low self-esteem

Physical signs include:

  • Muscle Tension
  • Constipation diarrhea
  • Lack of sleep
  • Sleeping too much.
  • Avoid sex
  • Nausea and dizziness.

So these were some common impacts of this disease but you need not worry it lasts without taking much time.


Your environment can also irritate your skin. Especially when the air is contaminated with tobacco, smoke, harsh soaps, fabrics, air pollutants, and fabrics such as skin products and wool. Low humidity, when the air is dry, can also cause eczema. But remember that high heat and humidity can cause sweating and it makes itching even worse. Sometimes the environment around also supports good health and the swinging of atmosphere also keeps you healthy and enjoy all seasons. But the dry season makes it worst for this autoimmune disease. Fewer cases are found during summers.

Read More: How To Make a Warm Compress For Eye?

What Are Some Symptoms Of Eczema?

Eczema symptoms are generally very common and can easily be detected. There are no deadly symptoms of this disease. Its symptoms include:

  • Dry skin
  • Bumps on the skin
  • Crusting skin
  • Swelling
  • Red rashes on the skin
  • Leather patches on the skin.
  • Itchy skin

If you are suffering from eczema you might have another reason that must not cause this but on the other side, this can be the reason behind this uncomfortable situation and that reason are and is ample allergens in your blood. When their amount increases it, leaders, to skin itching. Wo these were the common symptoms but if you have eczema then other conditions may also apply here. These include:

  • Asthma
  • Sleeplessness
  • Anxiety
  • Allergies
  • Depression

Note: Diabetes is not included in the list.

How Does Eczema Lasts?

This disease can be lifelong but curing it may last soon. It may also few weeks to last but again here environment plays an important role to cure this disease. Low humidity in the air can dry out your skin and damages skin glue that results and sweating over dry skin makes the condition worse and you get a lot of itching. Here a question also arises that How to cure eczema? First of all, you need to visit your doctor. The doctor will take a closer look at your skin. They will be looking for some basic signs of eczema-like dryness and redness. After getting a complete diagnostic view then they will ask you about the symptoms you are experiencing at the moment. Most probably your healthcare provider will be able to detect your symptoms of eczema by examining your skin. They may take the following tests in case there is a doubt remaining.

  • Blood test
  • An allergy skin test
  • A skin biopsy to distinguish the types of dermatitis.

Bottom Lines:

Eczema is a dermatitis disease that causes itching and redness. Here in this article, the major question was like Is eczema is an autoimmune disease or it can be contagious. Although it is not a harmful disease these types of questions are answered in this article. Eczema is not a major disease that will be difficult for you to manage it but treating its symptoms will enable you to become healthy within a weak. So don’t worry be positive to take precautionary measurements and it will be alright and concern your doctor if you find any symptoms.

You May Also Like: What Does It Mean When I Have Lots Of Itch On Right Hand?

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply